Understand the basics of coronary artery disease and stroke.
Recognize the signs and symptoms of heart attack and stroke.
Identify modifiable and non-modifiable risk factors for heart disease and stroke.
Why do Coaches Need to Know This?
Heart disease is the leading cause of death among both men and women in the United States. Stroke is the fifth leading cause of death. Cardiovascular disease, including heart disease and stroke, is one of the most widespread health issues in the United States. As a health coach, you should be familiar with the modifiable behaviors and risk factors that contribute to higher risk of cardiovascular disease. Many modifiable risk factors associated with cardiovascular disease are interconnected with other topic areas discussed throughout this module series. These modifiable risk factors include but are not limited to high cholesterol, hypertension, smoking, diabetes, diet, physical activity, and obesity.
ICHWC Content Outline for Chronic Disease
The coach often works with clients living with chronic medical conditions, as well those who are not yet ill, but are increasing their risk through unhealthy behavior. The coach should have a basic understanding of common chronic diseases and conditions including hypertension, diabetes, obesity, cardiovascular disease, high cholesterol, and a constellation of symptoms known as metabolic syndrome, which together place individuals at higher risk for heart disease, diabetes, stroke, and some cancers. Inflammation is one of the key pathophysiological processes that underlie most chronic diseases, and a rudimentary understanding of the role of inflammation in disease should also be recognized.
- Heart Disease